The European Network of Research Integrity Offices (ENRIO) brings together experts who are dealing with questions about research integrity.
32 member organisations within 23 European countries are currently joining ENRIO. Membership is open to representatives of national offices and national organisations as well as other relevant bodies or groups that support the goal of ENRIO with interests in and responsibility for matters of research integrity. ENRIO is an informal network.
ENRIO was founded right after the 1st World Conference on Research Integrity in Lisbon, Portugal in 2007. It began as an initiative by the then director of the UK Research Integrity Office (UKRIO) and six persons who are being concerned with research integrity. They decided to establish an (informal) European Network to enhance research integrity within Europe in a world with growing international cooperation.
ENRIO aims to:
- Promoting the exchange of information and experiences between the members
- Share information and good practices in raising awareness
- Share knowledge in handling allegations of research misconduct
- Promoting training and education with regard to research integrity
- Supporting and advising countries that lack a national structure
- Build up relationship with other organisations with European or global interests in research integrity
ENRIO’s board consists of a Chair, two permanent and two rotating co-chairs. The Board is responsible for the execution of ENRIO’s general policy and consults with all members of ENRIO on decisions that need to be taken in respect hereof.
The current chair of ENRIO (since October 2018) is Sanna Kaisa Spoof of the Finnish National Board on Research Integrity (TENK).
Former board members
The Chair from 2012 – 2018 was Nicole Foeger (Austrian Agency for Research Integrity). In November 2015 an ENRIO Board has been established. The two permanent co-chairs from 2015 – 2018 were Torkild Vinther (Etikkom, Norway) and Asael Rouby (FNR, Luxembourg).
ENRIO is an informal group. With the growing number of members and the stronger contacts and relations with other national and international organisations it became necessary to clarify rules on membership of ENRIO, that do not conflict with the informality of ENRIO nor with the value of the exchange of ideas, policies and experiences. These regulations were adopted at the General Meeting of ENRIO in Bern, Switzerland on June 16, 2010 (last update February 2016).
Terms of reference
ENRIO is an European network which aims to:
- Facilitate discussions and share experiences and possible solutions related to:
- The investigation of allegations of misconduct in research,
- The training and education with regard to good practices for research.
- Report discussions and develop proposals, where appropriate and agreed between the members of the network, for submission to national and international organisations on matters as mentioned in point 1.
- Liaise and work in partnership with other organisations with European or global interests in research integrity
Membership of ENRIO
Membership is open to representatives of national offices and national organisations within Europe with interests in and responsibility for matters of research integrity.
Members can be representatives of:
a) Offices and organisations with responsibilities for the investigation and/or oversight of allegations of misconduct in research,
b) Organisations and agencies providing funding for research in countries where no organisations or bodies as mentioned under a exist,
c) Academies and other learned societies or the like with a special interest in promoting research integrity e.g. by promoting training and education and/or establishing rules or structures for the investigation of allegations as mentioned under a.
d) Other relevant bodies or groups that support the goal of ENRIO but are not included in a – c. In special situations one country could be represented by different organizations for a shorter or longer period.
National offices and/or organisations that wish to join ENRIO can send a request to ENRIO’s Chair. After consultation with the members of the Board the Chair will invite the representative(s) of the national office and/or organisation as an observer to the following General Meeting. At the General Meeting the present members decide (by simple majority) whether the applicant(s) shall become a member. The applicant(s) shall not be present during the voting.
Membership is not permanent. If the basis for membership changes fundamentally e.g. if a country, which has not had a “national system”, establishes a national structure then it should be reconsidered which office or organisation shall or can represent the country in question. The same goes if one kind of structure is replaced by another one in a country.
The Chair together with the Board can suggest that members are excluded from being a member. The decision has to be made on a General Meeting (by simple majority).
ENRIO can invite guests to General Meetings with a special interest for research integrity, other than (potential) members.
- ENRIO’s board consists of a Chair, two permanent and two rotating co-chairs.
- The Chair’s tasks are to prepare and to preside General Meetings and to maintain contacts with third parties. The permanent co-chairs are chosen by the Chair to support the Chair in executing its tasks and to perform on its behalf in case of absence. The rotating co-chairs each are responsible for organizing and carrying out a General Meeting in cooperation with the Chair.
- The Chair is chosen amongst and by the majority of members present at a General Meeting, for a maximum period of 2 x 3 years. In case the Chair’s position becomes vacant, a new Chair can be validly nominated by a member when the nomination is supported by at least two other members and the valid nomination is sent by e-mail to the members one month prior to the General Meeting in which the members will vote for a new Chair.
- The two co-chairs will be chosen by the Chair for a maximum period of 2 x 3 years. The rotating co-chairs are chosen by the members at two consecutive General Meetings.
- The Board is responsible for the execution of ENRIO’s general policy under section 1 and consults with all members of ENRIO on decisions that need to be taken in respect hereof.
General Meetings and other means of communication
- ENRIO is an informal organisation, based on virtual exchange of information. Therefore ENRIO uses email traffic and the internet as its basis for exchange of information.
- In addition to the mentioned means of communication the members of ENRIO aim to meet twice per year at a general meeting. Each general meeting will be organised in an European city, to be chosen by the members at a previous general meeting.
- At general meetings the members decide by simple majority of the members, present at the meeting.
- The co-chair produces minutes of the meeting which shall be the record of all decisions taken at the meeting. The co-chair shall send the concept of the minutes to all the members within one month after the meeting. The minutes shall be considered as accepted if, within one month from the days of sending, no member has objected by email.
- Members do not have a veto with respect to a decision of the general meeting . A member, present or not during a general meeting, may exercise the right to have his/her opinion be published as annex to a document or the minutes within 30 days after the receipt of the concept of the minutes.
Relations with third parties
According to its Terms of Reference as laid down in Section 1 ENRIO seeks contacts with both national institutions/organisations in Europe and international organisations with interest in the promotion of research integrity. These contacts can consist in personal contacts with representatives of these institutions/organisations for the exchange of information of cooperation to produce products such as conferences, brochures or papers for traning/education.
- The members of ENRIO have no mandatory financial contribution for their membership.
- In addition, voluntary contributions for the work of ENRIO, in particular to enable representatives of non-member organisations to be present at a general meeting as observer, are welcome. These non-member organisations should comply with the provisions as set in Sections 1 and 2 of these rules.
- Members and observers, unless they receive a contribution as laid down in article 2 of this section, are responsible for their own expenses of travel and stay with relation to ENRIO meetings.