Netherlands Board on Research Integrity (LOWI)

Founding year

2003

History

The Netherlands Board on Research Integrity (hereinafter referred to as ‘the LOWI’) is established in 2003 by the Board of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), and with the consent of the Board of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and the Presidium of the Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU). It has 26 affiliated institutions including the KNAW and NWO and their institutes and the VSNU with 14 affiliated Dutch research universities, including the university medical centers (UMCs).

ENRIO member since

2008

Structure

The structure of the LOWI is a foundation and not part of any ministry. Affiliation is voluntary.

Main Tasks

The LOWI is an independent advisory body that issues opinions to the Boards of its affiliated institutions regarding possible violations of principles of research integrity. These opinions are issued without the intervention of the institutions or their Boards.

Investigation

  • The Board of an affiliated institution first decides if a complaint regarding a possible violation of the principles of research integrity is justified.
  • If an interested party disagrees with the Board’s (provisional) decision, they can submit a petition regarding that decision to the Official Secretary of the LOWI. A petition must be submitted to the LOWI within six weeks of the date of the Board’s (provisional) decision; in default of which the LOWI will not consider the petition. The LOWI shall also decline to consider a petition if it relates to a civil and/or administrative and/or criminal law matter or proceedings. Other grounds not to consider a petition are if a reasonably amount of time (a period of ten years) has passed since the occurrence of the alleged violation of principles of research integrity, and when the LOWI already has issued an opinion on the petition.
  • The LOWI then determines whether the petition is eligible for consideration by the LOWI. Only petitions regarding a Board’s (provisional) decision are considered. These also include a Board’s written refusal to take a decision on a complaint that has been submitted regarding an alleged violation of the principles of research integrity.
  • If the complaint is eligible for consideration the LOWI shall proceed to perform a procedural and substantive review of the Board’s (provisional) decision. The Board’s (provisional) decision is reviewed to determine whether – depending on the complaint – was taken with due care, both procedurally and/or substantively. When the Board’s (provisional) decision consists of a refusal to hear a claim because of the limitation period has expired, the LOWI will determine if – based on the institutions complaints regulations – the refusal is well- founded.
  • The LOWI then issues an opinion to the Board of an affiliated institution regarding possible violations of principles of research integrity, in which respect the LOWI’s advice may include a recommendation regarding the necessity of a particular sanction if the opinion confirms that the principles of research integrity have been violated.
  • The complainant receives a copy of the opinion from the LOWI submitted to the Board, as will other interested parties.
  • During the review procedure all parties involved are subject to a duty of confidentiality with regard to all information submitted by interested parties about the case.
  • After the Board has issued its final decision the LOWI requests interested parties to exercise restraint as not to harm the scientific reputation of the defendant; particularly in case of an unfounded complaint.
  • The opinions of the LOWI are published anonymously on the LOWI-website. Short summaries of the opinions are available in English, as is information regarding the regulations of the LOWI-procedure.

Training

The Chair of the LOWI is frequently asked to organize workshops and presentations on research integrity for students and PhD students.

Promoting Research Integrity

The Chair of the LOWI and some its members are involved in promoting research integrity by attending panels and participating in discussions at universities regarding this issue.

Contact

Ms. F.J.L. (Fauzia) Roepnarain

LL.M Deputy Official Secretary

The Netherlands Board on Research Integrity (LOWI)
P.O. Box 19121
1000 GC Amsterdam - The Netherlands

+31 20 551 0719

Netherlands Research Integrity Network (NRIN)

Founding year

2014

History

Recently several serious violations of research integrity have come to light in the Netherlands, which placed Research Integrity (RI) high on the public and academic agenda. More systematic and explicit attention is clearly needed, especially with respect to prevention.  Although many institutions are committed to improve the research culture and to offer better Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) education, there is little contact between the actors in the field. The Netherlands Research Integrity Network (NRIN) aims to facilitate collaboration, exchange and mutual learning. Other elements of NRIN’s mission include information supply; training and education for different audiences; development and exchange of teaching materials and best practices; enabling of consultation and intervision; and providing solicited and unsolicited advice to decision makers.

 

The NRIN is a network of people interested in and working on RI. The NRIN was initiated by a working group chaired by prof. dr. Lex Bouter. The network was founded in 2014, after the working group received funding from the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMw). The coordinator of the NRIN is Dr. Fenneke Blom.

 

Despite it’s name, the Netherlands Research Integrity Network is not only aiming for a Dutch audience. All our communications are in English, and our registered audience currently consists for roughly 20% of people outside the Netherlands.

 

Since 2016 NRIN is member of ENRIO and partner of the REWARD Campaign.

ENRIO member since

2016

Structure

Voluntary based

Main Tasks

NRIN’s activities include but are not limited to:

  • Discussion meetings for confidential counsellors,
  • Discussion meetings for committee chairs,
  • Research conference,
  • Seminar on education,
  • Networking seminar for researchers of recently funded research projects;
  • … And more open and closed meetings;
  • Education on research integrity;
  • Gathering and sharing information (NRIN website and our newsletter);
  • Research projects with students/interns.

Training

We offer workshops and lectures for research departments and conferences and are involved in a course on research integrity for PhD-students. We also organize activities on education on research integrity. In 2016 our first seminar on education addressed designing a reference curriculum, a template for casuistry, reaching all layers of academia with RI education, and sharing experiences with teaching an training. On our website we offer (links to) teaching materials. In 2016 a group of interns complied a collection of fragments of fiction movies to use in education.

Promoting Research Integrity

NRIN aims to supply information on a broad variety of research integrity related topics on the NRIN website. Registered participants in NRIN receive occasional newsletters with recent developments, upcoming events and member reviews of a variety of materials.

Other tasks:

NRIN enables sharing of experiences, exchange of knowledge and materials, mutual learning and intervision for several audiences. We do this in both open and closed meetings. Closed meetings are for example for confidential counsellors and ombudsmen, or for chairs of research integrity investigation committees. Open meetings include e.g. our research conference and education seminar.

Contact

Claudia Luettke

NRIN Coordinator